Seosan City Public Library_'Walking Library'
Our proposal is to create a 'walking library'. I thought about the connection and synergy of these two spaces through the lake park and library, rest area and community space, and walk. The promenade around the lake is about 800m and takes about 15 minutes on foot. The extension of the ramp outside the walking library is about 700m. In addition, we suggest a 1.5km, 30-minute walk.
Since the public library emerged as a modern library movement for the public in the mid-19th century, it has been playing a variety of social roles according to the changes of the times, and has played a role as a central space and infrastructure of the local community in modern times. In addition, public libraries are trying to increase the use of public services through the integration of educational and cultural facilities, and through this, they are developing into everyday spaces for local communities and communities. To answer the question about the vision of the Seosan City Central Library in one word, it would be 'a daily space for Seosan citizens'. As shown in the picture above, it should be a comfortable place for anyone to stay and rest at any time.
Seosan City has a radial urban structure centered on the old downtown where Seosan City Hall is located, and is growing with a new base centered on the Yecheon district urban development project centered on Lake Park. The cultural facility site where the central library will be built has a difference in elevation of about 4m from the lake park, and the construction of the neighborhood living district and apartment housing district has been completed. The new building should connect the lake park and the hinterland and be connected to the adjacent cultural facility site. In addition, it should be considered to be an open space linked to the lake park and a facility to view and enjoy the lake.
The 'Strolling Library' is a proposal to transform the 'space of knowledge and information' into a 'space of experience' for reading and contemplation by integrating the process of walking, sitting, staying, and wandering with the static act of reading a book. Therefore, our proposal is a method of 'experienced landmark' that experiences space and stores it in the mind while reacting with the surrounding scenery instead of 'objective landmark', which is an object to be looked at. This method uses an additional 30% of the ramp area, which is a continuous space of the ground, with respect to the building area and ground area. This creates the experience of a 700m long, 15-minute walk.
The building is placed adjacent to the lake park on the north side of the site, and there is a vehicle entrance, parking lot, and main entrance on the 15m roadside on the south side of the site. The building consists of a library and cultural education center, two masses and an external lamp, and there is an observation deck overlooking the lake park on the roof of the library. Visitors are connected to the upper floors by using external stairs or through the main entrance and lobby on the first floor. The central passage opens into a public passageway that penetrates the site and connects to the adjacent cultural facility site, and through this passage, access to a multipurpose room with 300 seats and a public toilet open 24 hours a day. At the rear of the multipurpose room, there is a service passage for managers and a freight elevator, and in front of the multipurpose room, there is a waiting area for visitors.
Visitors approaching from the external passageway enter the central hall through the sub-entrance. On the right side of the central hall, there is a book cafe and a terraced rest area connected to the lobby on the first floor. The reading room for children is located on the left side of Joao Hall, and is connected to the upper library through an internal staircase. The interior of the library is an open plan, and the areas that need division are freely arranged through furniture arrangement. The window side facing the lake is the interior ramp and the middle floor, and is connected to the 4th floor through the internal stairs and the terraced reading seats in the center. On the other side, there is a work space and a library space. Compared to a single loop structure, the external lamp with a double loop structure allows for a variety of choices for the moving route, enriching the walking experience.
This is the facade of the library viewed from the lake park on the north side of the site. In the horizontal section of the external ramp between the 3rd and 4th floors, there is an entrance connected to the inside. This is the entire elevation seen from the cultural facility site on the west side of the site. A wire screen is installed outside the ramp in the library. This is the elevation of the Cultural Education Center seen from the front road on the south side of the site. The first and second floors have common spaces and are connected to the lake park through a passage under the piloti. This is the entire elevation seen from the 24m road on the east side of the site. A wire screen was installed outside the ramp in the library to consider shielding and installation of advertisements.
The library and cultural education center were separated into two masses to enable planning that reflects the characteristics of each facility, and flexibility in operation, such as closed days, was considered. The lamps surrounding the two masses meet in the central hall to create a double loop structure, allowing visitors to have a variety of choices for the moving route, enriching the walking experience. This experience of walking is connected to the two masses while reacting with the surrounding landscape, and especially on the 3rd and 4th floors of the library building, it is connected to the internal lamp to maximize the lake view effect by creating an open space where the inside and outside are connected. In order to create an open space structure of the library building, a mixed structure of reinforced concrete structure and steel frame is applied, and the external ramp section is supported by a structure in which internal and external columns are combined.
Looking closely at the spatial structure of the library, visitors approaching from the road and parking lot use external stairs or connect to the children's reading room and book cafe on the second floor through the lobby on the first floor. The library on the 2nd and 4th floors is connected vertically through internal stairs and internal lamps, and the middle floors between the 3rd and 4th floors meet with external lamps and expand to the rest deck, enabling a variety of spatial experiences.
On the 4th floor of the library building, there are general data reading rooms and digital reading seats. The 3.5th floor on the window side facing the lake is connected to the outside deck, and it is connected to the 3rd floor through the terraced reading seats in the center. The interior of the library is an open plan, and the library and reading seats are freely arranged in a way that makes it a space surrounded by books anywhere. On the opposite side, there are club rooms/seminar rooms and makerspaces, which are cultural facilities. On the 5th floor, the cultural classroom is located and is connected to the observation deck on the roof of the library through an external lamp.
As shown in the cross-section, the lowest and top floors of each building have a floor height of 6m and the middle floor has a floor height of 4.5m. Visitors are connected to the upper floors through the main entrance and lobby on the first floor, and the library and cultural education building are separated from the central hall. A multi-purpose room is placed on the lower 1st floor of the library and accessed through the central passage. In order to create an open library, the level of the window side was adjusted to maximize the outside view, and a terraced reading space and indirect lighting skylight were planned. An observatory deck overlooking the lake park is located on the roof of the library, and external lamps serve as a promenade connecting the inside and outside, as well as eaves and awnings to protect the building.
Seosan Public Library Competition Design
tendon lung rate
number of parking spaces
Planning and basic design
place of order
1255-1 Yecheon-dong, Seosan-si, Chungcheongnam-do
24 on the ground
Reinforced concrete, steel frame
Aluminum windows + ROE triple glazing, designated stone
Education research facility (library)
MMKM associates Sekyung Kim, Seohong Min
+ J partners Bae Jeong-hyeon, Shim Eun-ji
Seosan City Hall